The First World War









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Like most other families in the UK, we have relatives who served in the forces during the Great War. For a few I have pictures of family members in uniform, identified by their name written on the back of the photo by Rose Burgess. Now that service records and medal cards are available on-line I have been able to find out a little about their time in the war. If there are any more First World War family portraits out there I would be pleased to add them to the page, along with any relevant records of their service.

To set the scene here is a picture with no known family connections beyond the fact that it was found in the Taylor collection of photographs.


Soldiers marching


I shall begin with three brothers who all survived the war but not unscathed. Albert, Charles and Reginald were the sons of Charles Edward and Emily Flower. Emily was the eldest daughter of James Joseph Hely and Tamson Deane. Her husband, Charles Edward, died in 1903 and they had lost a fourth son, John Wesley, in 1901 when he was still a baby. She must have had many misgivings when she saw the three of them joining up.

Albert Henry Flower 1895 - 1945

Albert joined the 1st Wiltshire Regiment and although I cannot find much evidence of his war service I do know that he sustained a gun shot wound to the left hip and was awarded a pension in 1919 to commence the day after he was discharged on 3 February. He was listed as Private Albert H Flower, 23346 on his medal card but the pension document stated that he was a lance corporal by 1919. It also gave his address as the Theological College, Lichfield which is confirmed by this entry in Crockford's Clerical Directory of 1932.

Crockford's Clerical Directory 1932

Albert's subsequent career in the Church was described in the Essex based newspaper, the Newsman-Herald, with the announcement of his untimely death in 1945.

Newsman-Herald extractNewsman-Herald; 23 February 1945

In " A Brief History of St Barnabas Church" The Reverend Albert Flower was described as "a kindly man with great pastoral gifts. He was to die in office early in 1945 at the age of 48".


Charles Frederick Flower 1892 - 1968

Charles was the eldest of the three brothers and he enlisted on 30 November 1914, initially in the 24th Battalion, London Regiment as part of the Territorial Force, where he was alloted the first of several regimental numbers: 3311. In April 2016 his number changed to 722586 when he was mobilised, and he sailed for Le Havre on 25 June that year. As well as active service in France his record shows time spent in Salonica, Palestine and France again, with a hospital stay in Cairo in 1918. He remained with the 24th London until 20 March 1919 and then transferred to the RAOC in January 1920 after a period on Reserve. His new regimental number was S/11232. In between he married Jessica Edith Ash on 20 September 1919 at St Lukes Church, Camberwell.

Charles appears to have had issues with officialdom because in 1917 his record mentions loss of pay for not complying with an order and again for losing by neglect his green identity disc. Matters didn't improve, as is shown by this extract from his service record listing the times he was in trouble, including insolence to a N.C.O. and disobedience of orders, before he was attached to 181st M. G. Coy, (Machine Gun Company) as a mule leader. Did someone think this was poetic justice?

Service record extract for Charles Flower

On each occasion his punishment was F.P.No.1, or Field Punishment No. 1, for varying and increasing numbers of days. This meant that Charles was secured, standing full-length, to a fixed object - either a post or a gun wheel - for up to two hours a day (often one hour in the morning and another in the afternoon) for up to 21 days. It had replaced flogging in the Army in 1881.

When Charles joined the RAOC in January 1920 it was possibly a much more fitting posting for him than driving mules, as he was a warehouseman or storeman all his working life. However he was declared medically unfit a year later and discharged with a pension. By this time he had a daughter named Jessica, after her mother.

Reginald Edward Flower 1898 - 1932

The youngest brother, Reginald, enlisted in the 6th London Regiment with No. 6921 and then transferred to the Royal Irish Rifles as Rifleman 45057 in the 16th Battalion. The Battalion landed at Le Havre in October 1915 and served on the Western Front throughout the war.

Medal sheet for Reginald Flower

Medal Entitlement Roll for Royal Irish Rifles

Reginald married Florence Maud Munt on 21 July 1928 at Lady Margaret Church, Walworth, Southwark, and the service was conducted by the curate, Reginald's elder brother Albert H Flower. Unfortunately Reginald died aged just 33 in 1932.

In 1918, all three brothers were named in the Absent Voter Lists for the London Borough of Southwark, living at 34 Guiness Buildings, Brandon Street (Block B), which was their mother's address. Conveniently their Regimental Numbers were included in these lists and so confirm their identity in other WW1 records.

Absent voter list 1918


Cyril Pentreath Andrew 1892 - 1975

Cyril Andrew 1937Cyril was the husband of Florence Jessie Hilditch, sister of Prof Thomas Percy Hilditch. His Attestation form was dated 18 November 1915, when he was assigned to Army Reserve. He was mobilised in January 1916, but immediately returned to Reserve, and finally mobilised and posted in February of that year. He joined the 1st Battalion, Middlesex Regiment, number 12295 and arrived in France on 1 June, serving there until 22 May 1917 with another period in France from 30 September to 5 December 1917.



Cyril pictured in 1937 opposite his wife Jessie in their garden at Northwood, with Jim Taylor between them.


Medical history for Cyril

Cyril's medical condition when he was examined on enlistment, 18 November 1915. I notice that his vision was perfect - with glasses.


Amongst Cyril's service record documents is an undated medical record headed “Sick List in case of Warrant Officers treated in quarters” which is difficult to read but certainly includes “Bullet entered … back of mid Phalanx of 1st R Finger & came out at back of hand … metatarsal.” Fortunately, Cyril’s Military History Sheet includes the following dates for three occasions when he was injured: "Wounded 19/8/16"; "G.S.Wd. r. arm 16/5/17"; and "G. S. W. R. Hand 2/12/17". He certainly earned the British War Medal and Victory Medal listed on the same sheet.

There is one more record in 1916 for treatment Cyril received while on active service. The Admission and Discharge Book for the 39th Casualty Clearing Station states that Pte Andrew, 12295, of the 1st Middlesex Regiment, was treated for suspected dysentery, along with 24 others on the same page, which says a lot about conditions in the trenches. On 9 November Cyril left on the No. 17 Ambulance Train and arrived back in England on 5 December. At this time the 39th Clearing Station was based at Allonville near Amiens.


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After Cyril recovered from his final wound in December 1917 the Army seems to have decided he would be best employed in England. Perhaps they noticed he had been an insurance clerk in civilian life and used him in an administrative role from then on. As well as the 1st Battalion, at various times he had been attached to the 5th and 17th Middlesex Battalions where he was described as a Lewis Gunner. Then on 30 September 1918 he was promoted to lance corporal and soon after the Armistice, on 20 November, he was “compulsorily and permanently transferred” to the 1st Battalion Suffolk Regiment as L/Cpl, 67083. He was finally transferred to “Army Reserve on Demobilization” at Warley on 28 March 1819.



Frederick John Hall 1897 – 1916


Frederick John Hall


Frederick John Hall was the elder son of Frederick Harrington Hall and Alice Hall, née Hilditch, aunt and uncle to Thomas Percy Hilditch; in fact they were the brother and sister of Thomas’s mother and father respectively.

Frederick was born in 1897 and joined the 6th Battalion, the “Queen’s” Royal West Surrey Regiment as soon as he was eighteen.


They embarked in June 1915 as reported in the War Diary.

War Diary June 2


My thanks to J K McKay for permision to the use the photograph of "Jack" Hall.

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In July 1916 the battalion was based in trenches opposite Ovillers, near Albert, in the Somme department of the Hauts-de-France. The War Diary picks up the story.

War Diary July 8

Unfortunately Frederick was the one casualty to be killed on the “quiet” night of 8 July. His mother Alice had buried her husband five months earlier, in February, aged 46, and had now lost her son aged 19. She was left with two daughters aged 6 and 21, and a son aged 8. Pte. Frederick John Hall, G/583 6th Bn. The Queen’s, is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial.


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Link to CWGC commemorative certificate for Frederick John Hall



George Robert Newbury 1886 - 1942

George Newbury in uniform

Private George Robert Newbury, G/10726, was one of Jane Newbury's brothers. He volunteered in May 1915 and joined the Middlesex Regiment, serving in France from 14 December 1915 until February 1918. After leave, he returned to France, serving until 19 March 1919. He received a pension, having suffered a gunshot wound to the right foot. He was also hospitalised for a gunshot wound to the scalp in April 1916. He has an entry in the National Roll of the Great War: an attempt to compile short biographical descriptions for as many as possible of those who served in the War. George's entry states that he took part in many engagements including those on the Somme and at Arras, Ypres and Cambrai. His Medal Card confirms that he holds the 1914-15 Star and the General Service and Victory Medals. The photograph appears to show George standing outside his home: 4 Bayonne Road, Fulham.








Percy William Morris 1880 - 1945

Perce Morris in uniform

Driver Percy William Morris, 178955, was married to Sophia Charlotte Newbury, one of Jane Newbury's sisters. Having worked with horses as a cabman before he volunteered, he was selected for enlistment into the Army Veterinary Corps on 17 December 1914. He was then transferred to the Royal Field Artillery as a driver and arrived in France on 23 December 1914. Notice the spurs and whip. On his Medal Card are listed the 1915 Star and the General Service and Victory Medals.

Sophia Morris

Sophia and their children





George Ernest Mark Rice 1891 - 1956

George Rice

George Rice was a nephew of Mark Burgess, but which of these six is George? His full name was George Ernest Mark Rice and, according to the Airman's Service Records, he had a varied career in the forces starting in the Norfolk Regiment, before transferring to the Essex. It looks very like the cap badge of the Essex Regiment that these six are displaying.

Cap badge for George Rice
Essex Regt. cap badge?

After a further transfer to the Royal Defence Corps he appears to have joined the RFC as a Rigger and spent three months in Russia in 1919, by which time he was classified as A. Mech. 3 in the RAF. He was put on the RAF Reserve list in June 1919 and was "deemed discharged" on 30 April 1920.


George was born in 1891 but not baptised until 22 November 1897 - along with two brothers and a cousin (Joseph Stephen Burgess - see below) at the same time. His parents were Henry James Rice and Winifred Burgess. In 1911 he was working as a French Polisher and two years later he married Annie Sparks on 12 May, when one of the witnesses was Mark Burgess. His Service Record gives his service number: 104146; height: 5 feet 3¾ inches; chest measurement: 31 inches; the names of two sons: Leonard Charles George and George Henry; and Annie's address at 33 Queen Street, St Pancras.



Joseph Stephen Burgess 1896 - 1917

I have no photograph of Joseph Burgess, only military records.


The entry in the index of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission

for the grave of Joseph Stephen Burgess

Joseph Stephen Burgess was the nephew of Mark Burgess. His parents, Joseph Mark Burgess and Georgina Stevens, were married on 2 August 1891 at St Michael’s Church, St Pancras, and he was born on 28 November 1896, the third of nine children. Both his father and grandfather were horsekeepers but aged 14 he was described as a “Van gard on Railway” according to the 1911 census.

Joseph enlisted in the 1st Batallion London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers) on 30 August 1915 at Handel Street and served until 19 June 1917, when he died “In action”. He had survived the Battle of Arras in April 1917 and, as the War Diary describes, his Battalion had moved to WANCOURT LINE on 11 June. On the 19th they moved again and the War Diary simply reports “Battn. moved into reserve area, about the HARP (N1b) one other rank killed, two wounded”.

At some point Joseph had been promoted to Corporal and this was recorded by the Imperial War Graves Commission along with the name of the Cemetery: Tilloy; his number: 200742; age 20; and next of kin: Mrs L W Jarvis of 11 Harmood Place, Chalk Farm, NW.

Lydia Winifred Jarvis, née Burgess, was Joseph’s elder sister by 3 years. She was also named as the sole legatee on the Soldiers’ Effects Register, receiving £6:19:1 initially and then £14 War Gratuity. Also included in this register is his original regimental number: 2578.

Joseph is remembered in the records of the National Railway Museum, listed amongst the Railwaymen Died in The Great War, where he is described as Vanguard with the London & North Western Railway. The source is St Paul’s Order of Service 1919: a memorial service for railwaymen held on 14 May that year.

Link to CWGC commemorative certificate for Joseph Burgess



24th London Regiment, Kennington Park 1914

A photograph taken in Kennington Park in 1914

Albert Burgess

Albert Henry Burgess, on the left, and Reginald Walter Burgess were the eldest sons of Henry James Burgess and Elizabeth Lucy Hely. They both volunteered for the Army and enlisted in the 24th Battalion London Regiment in 1914. Do they both feature in the photograph above? Judging by their regimental numbers Albert was nineteen places in front of his brother in the queue to join up.


They are pictured here at a family wedding, long after both World Wars.


Reginald Burgess

Reginald Walter Burgess 1897 - 1970

“Uncle Reg”, at 17, was not old enough to volunteer in 1914 but that didn’t stop him from signing up alongside his older brother, Albert. However, he was soon found out and on 21 September 1914 he was transferred to the Labour Corps where he served until 28 June 1919, according to the Roll of Individuals Entitled to the “War Badge” (Now known as the Silver War Badge). This document also states that he was a Lance Corporal.

Medal Card for R W Burgess

Medal Card for Reginald W Burgess


Reginald Burgess in uniform

Both the Medal Card and the Labour Corps Roll of those entitled to the Victory Medal and British War Medal conveniently bring all his war service together by giving his name, his Labour Corps Number (565054) and his 24th London Regimental Number (720925).

Reginald Burgess is pictured here in uniform, including what looks very like the 24th Battalion, London Regiment cap badge, so presumably the photograph was taken soon after he volunteered, but before he was transferred to the Labour Corps.

At the bottom the message reads "To Bert with Best love Mother, June 1918". Did she send it to her other son, Albert, who at that time was serving in the Egyptian Theatre of War, according to Albert's medal entitlement record?







Albert Henry Burgess 1893 - 1968

At some point during his time in the army, Albert Burgess, 720906, was promoted to sergeant and served until he was shot in the right eye and lost his sight on that side. His hospital record states that he had served four complete years and that the operation described below was carried out on 19 September 1918, so he was wounded very late in the war.

The Record of Operations Performed, and Results:

Medical record for Albert Burgess

"2/24 London: 720906: Sgt Burgess A : GSW Eye (R): Evisceration Eyeball, Lower lid sutured:

Capt Buchanan 19/9/18: Satisfactory: 20/9/18 To UK per HT Gloucester Castle"




Possibly Albert BurgessCould this be Albert Burgess in tropical uniform? For some of the war he served in Egypt. There is no cap badge but he does have two stripes so maybe he had just been promoted. The photo is in the collection of his brother Reginald's family

Here is Albert pictured at his wedding in 1922, four years after he had lost his eye. Are there enough similarities?

Albert in 1922





Marching soldiers

Finally, another anonymous photograph, this time from the Burgess family collection. I supect that this sergeant leading his troops wouldn't have approved of the broad smile and lack of attention from the soldier behind him. Perhaps he knew the photographer. The cap badge could well be that of the 24th Battalion, London Regiment.








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